warnespecial Warne Special Blend
A blend of four elite bluegrasses with some elite grasses.

Use for highly manicured show lawns, very dark green color, enhanced disease resistance.

Thrives in sun or partial shade. Seeding your own lawn? This is the blend to use!
Seeding rate: 4-5 lbs / 1000 sq ft
Available in 5# and 25# bags

bluegrasscarpetBlue Carpet Bluegrass Blend
Use for highly manicured lawns.

A blend of
four elite bluegrass varieties that have been
genetically selected for lower mowing heights.

Very green in color and disease
resistance. Does well in sun or partial shade.
Seeding rate: 4-5 lbs / 1000 sq ft
Available in 20# and 50# bags 

carefreeFree Mix
A blend of ryegrass and fescues selected to
survive in extreme conditions.

Ideal for areas where lower use of water and fertilizer is needed.

Does well on poor soils, is winter
hardy and withstands heat and drought.
Seeding rate: 4-6 lbs / 1000 sq ft
Available in 20# and 50# bags 

championprem Champion Perennial Ryegrass Blend
Top performing perennial ryegrass varieties with high endophyte levels.

Golf course quality, guaranteed free of poa annua.

Excellent for golf courses, athletic fields and commercial turf.
Quick to establish.
Seeding rate: 4-5# / 1000 sq ft
Available in 5# and 50# bags

heritagepremHeritage Premium Lawn Mix
Top performing bluegrasses and turf typeperennial ryegrass. Dark green color.

Thrives in full sun. Ideal for moderate
traffic areas. Great for lawns with family

Seeding rate: 4-5 lbs / 1000 sq ft
                        Available in 20# and 50# bags 

premiumfarmPremium Farm Lawn Seed Mix
Blend of low maintenance grasses for lawn receiving little or no irrigation and fertilizer.

Will tolerate extreme drought and other
severe conditions.

Also used for reclamation, road ditches, etc.
Seeding rate: 4-5 lbs / 1000 sq ft
Available in 20# and 50# 

quickngro Quick-2-Gro Mix
An economy blend of bluegrass regar and fescue that germinates rapidly.

Grows well in
sun or light shade.

Withstands heat and
drought. Medium green in color. Ideal blend to use where rapid establishment is needed.
Seeding rate: 4-5 lbs / per 1000 sq ft
Available in 20# and 50# bags

saltshakerSalt Shaker Alkali Turf Mix
A blend of salt tolerant variety of grasses for salt prone and alkaline conditions.

Use in lawns, sport fields, and reclamation sites where salt tolerance is more important than appearance.

Seeding rate: 4-6 lbs / 1000 sq ft
Available in 20# and 50# bags 

sportsparkSports Park OS Mix
A blend of elite bluegrass and turf type perennial ryegrass.

Varieties are selected to withstand extended use and to rejuvenate
quickly after turf injury.

Seeding rate: 4-5 lbs / 1000 sq ft
Available in 20# and 50# bags 

tuffstuff Tuff Stuff Mix
Selected varieties of tall fescues that are
tough, vigorous and can withstand continued use.

Medium green in color. Thrives in full
sun or partial shade.

Performs well on any site and soil condition but needs deep soil.
Seeding rate: 5-6 lbs / 1000 sq ft
Available in 20# and 50# bags







Within the last few years there have been many new and genetically superior cultivars of bluegrass released for home lawns. These new and more expensive cultivars can be selected for various genetically superior qualities such as disease resistance, color, leaf texture, shade tolerance, winter hardiness, aggressiveness, spring green-up, drought resistance, and etc. In the Black Hills area it is most important to select cultivars for disease resistance (especially leaf spot), aggressiveness, winter hardiness, and where applicable shade tolerance. Most older, established lawns and lawns seeded with common, inexpensive seed mixtures, will not have the genetic capabilities of producing enhanced turf quality with disease resistance. These older established lawns require higher maintenance and added expenses.


When selecting bluegrass cultivars it is important to select a mixture of three of four cultivars with different genetic capabilities (see chart on reverse side). When selecting a seed mixture it is important to select cultivars from three or four of the recommended variety groupings. Two cultivars should be selected for disease resistance (leaf spot, dollar spot, and brown patch) and one cultivar from the aggressive group. All cultivars should be selected for winter hardiness, matched color, and leaf texture. When shade is evident, one or two cultivars should be selected for shade tolerance. Cultivars of the midwestern variety types are not recommended for manicured home lawns.


A professional seedsman should be consulted to help select available bluegrass cultivars for a high quality turf. The genetic superior cultivars of bluegrass are recommended when seeding a new lawn, interseeding an existing lawn to upgrade the quality of turf, or when purchasing sod. Not all sod sources are made up of quality bluegrass cultivars. It requires a lot more work, expense, and homeowner frustration to maintain a quality turf with genetic inferior bluegrass cultivars.






Kentucky Bluegrass Variety Classification

Variety Type

Characteristics & Strengths


Cultivar Names

Midwestern (Common) Types


Not recommended for quality home lawns

Erect growth; narrow leaf

Excellent heat & drought resistance

Persists under low maintenance

Rapid drought recovery

Very susceptible to leafspot

Poor winter/spring color

Sensitive to drought

Intolerant of low mowing heights

Not competitive in blends

Alene, Ginger, Kenblue,

South Dakota Common,

Park, Rhonda

Bellevue (Parade) Types


Recommended Varieties

Medium color; medium density & texture

Excellent winter color

Very good resistance to stripe smut, dollar spot

Moderate heat tolerance

Some resistance to billbug feeding

Moderately aggressive

Moderate leafspot susceptibility

Can be stemmy in spring

Moderately competitive in blends

Varieties in this group VERY closely related

Banff, Classic, Columbia, Dawn, Freedom, Parade,   Georgetown, Haga, Liberty, Rugby, Suffolk

BVMG Types

(Baron, Victa, Merit, Gnome)


Recommended Varieties

Good turf quality (widely used)

Very good seed yielders (less expensive)

Good leafspot resistance

Moderate dollar spot, rust resistance

Medium texture, density

Medium low-growing

Later spring green-up

Can be very stemmy in spring

Susceptible to new stripe smut race

VERY closely related

Baron, Victa, Merit, Gnome, Crest, Fortuna,   Kelley, Abbey, Nassau, Marquis

Mid-Atlantic Types


Not recommended for Black Hills

Good density; vigorous turf

Deep, extensive rhizomes and roots

Excellent sod producers

Recover well from injury

Excellent heat and drought resistance

Tend to be coarse-textured

Moderately susceptible to leafspot

Variable winter color and spring green up

Livingston, Plush, SR2000, Wabash, Huntsville,   ISI-21

Northern Latitude (Compact) Type



Dark green; high density

Slow vertical growth rate

Tolerates low mowing heights

Good leafspot resistance

Often perform well in shade

Varieties in this group more genetically   different

Competitive in blends

Most have long winter dormancy

Winter and spring “purpling”

Slow spring green-up

Heat tolerance may be poor

Often poor seed producers


Able 1, Alpine, America, Eclipse, Glade,   Midnight, Blacksburg, Opal, Indigo, Nugget, Apex, Unique

Aggressive Types



Very dense turf

Aggressive lateral growth; excellent sod   strength

Excellent wear tolerance

Tolerates close and frequent mowing

Often perform well in shade

Rapid thatch formers

Will dominate in blends or mixtures

Often poor seed producers

A-34, Limousine, Mystic, Touchdown, Princeton   104

Other Types


Some cultivars recommended

Do not fit into above groups

Many are Bellevue/BVMG hybrids

Good disease resistance

Moderately competitive in blends


Adelphi, Aspen, Eclipse, Liberty, Challenger,   Nustar, Washington, Nublue






20%   Kentucky Bluegrass                                    10% Alsike Clover VNS                          

15%   Timothy Climax                                           10% Slender Wheatgrass VNS                           

15%   Western Wheatgrass VNS                         10% Annual Ryegrass VNS         

15%   Canada Bluegrass VNS                                5%   Medium Red Clover

A blend for reclamation of area disturbed by grading, digging and disturbed top soils. Rate: 20-28 pounds per acre broadcast;

8-12 pounds per acre drilled.





20%   Annual Ryegrass                                        10% Big Bluestem                                 

10%   Crested Wheatgrass                                  10% Sideoats Grama                  

10%   Slender Wheatgrass                                  10% Canada Wildrye                  

10%   Durar Hard Fescue                                     5%   Blue Grama

10%   Canada Bluegrass                                        5%   Arizona Fescue

An all grass blend for revegetation in areas where a native grass blend is desirable, establishes quickly. Rate: 20–25 pounds per acre broadcast; 15-20 pounds per acre drilled.






40%   Ephraim Crested Wheatgrass                     20% 3150 Hard Fescue                          

30%   Clubhouse Perennial Ryegrass                      10%   Gulf Annual Ryegrass                                 

A blend for low maintenance, large lawn areas, excellent for grass cover on barrow ditches, hill sides, and other areas of reclamation. Establishes rapidly. Rate: 3-5 pounds per 1000 square feet broadcast; 2–3 pounds per 1000 square feet drilled.





35%   Buffalo Grass                                            15%   Annual Rye           

20%   Sideoats Grama                                         10%   Blue Grama

20%   Sheep Fescue                                                       

Mix of native grasses that are all very short, minimum to no moisture after establishment. Has annual rye for cover crop the first year. Minimal or no mowing; reduces fuel production for fire control. Rate: Broadcast 35-40 pounds per acre; drilled rate 15-20 pounds per acre.



A mixture of hardy, cool season grasses, that are drought tolerant and adapt well to the Black Hills area. It provides a good, palatable spring forage and fair regrowth in the fall. This mix may produce a hay crop depending upon available moisture. Ideal for area not receiving regular irrigation






WildFlower Mixes



 All Perennial Wildflower Mix 


This mix includes perennial wildflowers that will provide color year after year. Grows from 10 to 30 inches and is very drought tolerant.


  • Grows 10 to 30 inches tall
  • Beautiful perennial mix

Seeding Rate:

  • 6 to 8 lbs per acre
  • 1 lb per 6,000 square feet
  • 1/2 lb per 3,000 square feet

Mix Contains:

15% Black-eyed Susan                                            6% Rocky Mountain Penstemon

15% Perennial Lupine                                              6% Purple Coneflower

10% Lance-Leaf Coreopsis                                      6% Grayheaded Coneflower

10% Sweet William                                                 5% Shasta Daisy

10% Blue Flax                                                         4% Columbine, Dwarf

10% Wall Flower, Siberian                                      3% Prairie Coneflower


Formulations and varieties are subject to change without notice!




Low Grow Wildflower Mix



The Low Grow Wildflower Mix offers a combination of both annuals and perennials that will be lower growing. Grows from 8 to 20 inches high and is very drought tolerant.



  • Grows 8 to 20 inches tall
  • Annuals and Perennials

Seeding Rate:

  • 6 to 8 lbs per acre
  • 1 lb per 6,000 square feet
  • 1/2 lb per 3,000 square feet

Mix Contains:                                        

12% Cornflower                                                       5% Sweet William

10% Baby’s Breath                                                   5% Dwarf Lance-Leaf Coreopsis

10% Blue Flax                                                          3% Dwarf Plains Coreopsis

8% Sweet Alyssum                                                  3% Annual Candy Tuft

8% Chinese Forget-Me-Not                                    2% Dwarf Red Coneflower

8% Dwarf Godetia                                                  2% Gaillardia Aristata

8% Wall Flower, Siberian                                        1% Tussock Bellflower

8% California Poppy                                                1% Johnny Jump-Up

5% Shasta Daisy                                                     1% Snow-in-Summer

Formulations and varieties are subject to change without notice!





Rocky Mountain Wildflower Mix


The Rocky Mountain Wildflower Mix is a special blend of annuals and perennials that produces color throughout the season. Grows from 10 to 30 inches high and is very drought tolerant. Not recommended for planting during the heat of the summer.


  • Grows 10 to 30 inches tall
  • Annuals and perennials

Seeding Rate:

  • 6 to 8 lbs per acre
  • 1 lb per 6,000 square feet
  • 1/2 lb per 3,000 square feet

Mix Contains:


10% Cornflower                                                       4% Perennial Gaillardia

10% African Daisy                                                   3% Annual Gaillardia

10% Black-eyed Susan                                             3% Evening Primrose  

10% Baby’s Breath                                                   3% Sweet William, Pink

5% Blue Flax                                                            3% Shasta Daisy

5% Sweet Alyssum                                                   2% Corn Poppy

5% California Poppy                                                 2% Catchfly

5% Wall Flower, Siberian                                        2% Rocky Mountain Penstemon

5% Prairie Coneflower                                             2% Spurred Snapdragon 

5% Plains Coneflower                                               2% Purple Coneflower

4% Garland Daisy


Formulations and varieties are subject to change without notice!



All Perennial Wildflower Mix

This mix includes perennial wildflowers that will provide color year after year. Grows from 10 to 30 inches and is very drought tolerant.


  • Grows 10 to 30 inches tall
  • Beautiful perennial mix

Seeding Rate:

  • 6 to 8 lbs per acre
  • 1 lb per 6,000 square feet
  • 1/2 lb per 3,000 square feet

Mix Contains:

15% Black-eyed Susan                                             6% Rocky Mountain Penstemon

15% Perennial Lupine                                               6% Purple Coneflower

10% Lance-Leaf Coreopsis                                       6% Grayheaded Coneflower

10% Sweet William                                                  5% Shasta Daisy

10% Blue Flax                                                          4% Columbine, Dwarf

10% Wall Flower, Siberian                                       3% Prairie Coneflower

Formulations and varieties are subject to change without notice


• Individual varieties of wildflowers available on request